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Christian Rome

Via Labicana, 95, 00184 Rome, Metropolitan City of Rome, Italy
Not Rated
Duration

3 hours

Tour Type

Daily Tour

Group Size

20 people

Languages

English

Overview

Christian Rome is a jurney to discover early Christian period of Rome. Although in it’s beginning the Romans viewed Christianity as a sect, the city it self has had a great influence in the molding of one of the largest religions today.

Our Christian Rome tour will begin with the Basilica of S. Clement, spreading through three underground levels one built on top of the other, introducing you to the Early Christian Church. It reflects the historical complexity and intricacy of the city itself.

San Clemente is an early 12th century church built on top of a 4th century church, which in turn was built on top of an ancient imperial residence.The high altar is surmounted by a primitive canopy, and marks the tomb of St Clement.

He was the third successor of St Peter. He was one of the earliest popes and reigned in the last decade of the 1st century.

The second level is an early Christian church from the 4th century, discovered in 1851 by a Dominican monk who began excavations in the hope of finding the house of Saint Clement, who, according to legend, lived under the new church.

On this floor are remains of extremely rare early Christian frescoes. There is also a pagan sarcophagus from the 2nd-3rd century and the tomb of St Cyril.

The best is even further down.Walking through another unmarked door and descend further, and the temperature continues to drop. The most  mysterious part , the Mithraic temple revils in front of us.The Mithraeum is cave-like. It has a central altar and is surrounded by benches where the followers spread out.

After the temple, turn left into a Roman alley from the 1st century and entrance to the villa, the house of Titus Flavius Clemens.

On the right side there are two of the best preserved rooms with beautiful Roman stonework. At the very bottom there is a river flowing. Here you can throw coins into it for good luck.

Continuing our jurney we will visit the monastery of Santi Quattro Coronati, showing you the fortified Cardinal Palace.

Next is an ancient place of martyrs, Santo Stefano in Rotondo. Church was built in paleo-christian style with a circular plan, with three concentric circles: a central space was bordered by a circle of  columns, on which rests a drum surrounded by two lower ring ambulatories: the innermost one was bordered by a second circle of columns connected by arches, now inserted in a continuous wall, while the outer one disappeared, was closed by a low wall.

It is believed that the intention of Pope Simplicius, as I ordered the construction in the fifth century, was to create a church identical with the church of Tomb of Jesus in Jerusalem, and is unique of its kind in Rome.

E dedicated to St. Stephen, martyr.
At the center stands a large cross meticulously decorated and adorned with flowers and precious stones with Christ beneficial, instead of crucified, taking up an unusual and very ancient iconography.

During the restoration work in the basement of the church came to light the remains of the barracks of the provincial troops detached in Rome, on which the basilica had risen, and a mithraeum dating back to 180 AD, consisting of a rectangular room with two podiums, on which the followers took place, and a niche aedicule of the second century AD with the relief representation in gilded stucco of the “tauroctonia” (killing of the bull) by the God Mithras.

Check also:  Christian Rome private tour.

 

Highlights

  • St.Clement Basilica
  • S. Stefano Rotondo
  • S. Quattro Coronati

Itinerary

Itenirary
Meeting point

Colosseum metro stop exit 15 min before the starting time

Itenirary
Rules

It is considered inappropriate:

  • Low neckline, sleeveless
  • Exposed back, skirt above knees
  • Exposed midriff
  • Seetrough, offensive print
  • Tight fitting shorts
Itenirary
Accessibility
  • Wheelchair accessible
  • Suitable for children
  • No access with animals
Itenirary
Important

Dear Guests,
We would like to inform you of essential changes to the Vatican Museums ticketing system, starting from January 1, 2024.
As of this date, all Vatican Museums tickets are personalized, with each ticket linked to a specific visitor. It is crucial that accurate information for each individual is provided during the booking process. Failure to do so may result in denied entrance.
Every visitor is required to bring a valid ID document that matches the information provided during the booking. ID documents will be checked against the details on the personalized ticket at the meeting point.
Please be advised that Vatican Museums tickets are non-refundable. Once purchased, refunds are not possible. We strongly recommend verifying all information during the booking process to avoid any complications.
We appreciate your understanding and cooperation as we implement these measures to enhance the security and efficiency of your visit to the Vatican Museums.

Included/Excluded

  • Guided tour
  • Entrance tickets
  • Tax
  • Tips
  • Transportation

Durations

3 hours

Tour's Location

Via Labicana, 95, 00184 Rome, Metropolitan City of Rome, Italy

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